Recognized through life cycle assessment (LCA) studies, wood products have less embodied energy, are responsible for lower air and water pollution, and have a lighter carbon footprint than other commonly used building materials. While forest certification addresses forest management practices and the balance of environmental, social and economic values, Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) communicate environmental impact information.
Responsibly-managed forests can maximize the amount of carbon stored over the long term, and manufacturing wood into products requires far less energy than other materials. In turn, wood buildings can require less energy to construct and operate over time. Design optimization, use of recovered wood and specifying that job site waste is separated and taken to a local recovery center are all ways to reduce, re-use and recycle.
Finally, people feel an instinctive connection and attraction to natural materials, and evidence suggests this can contribute to an individual's sense of well-being.